AU220 - Audio Recording II

Course Description:


Students develop advanced engineering skills and knowledge. They quickly become familiar with various musical formats, aesthetic and acoustical issues, as well as the techniques and equipment used in the professional recording industry.


Course Objectives:


  • Discuss and Diagram the signal flow of audio in the recording and mix-down processes.


  • Work with and record a band or bands from outside of class in a courteous and professional manner.


·      Operate control room and audio consoles.


·      Assess and display appropriate behavior and attire for industry-related professions.


·      Demonstrate common patching techniques.


  • Assess overall lab and equipment conditions and make appropriate adjustments to prepare the facility for the next user, prior to the end of session


  • Comprehend advanced mix techiniques



Course Length: 10 Weeks



Text and References:

            Required textbook:    The Mixing Engineers Handbook

                                                AUTHOR: Bobby Owsinski  ISBN: 0-87288-723-5


            Recommended reading: Modern Recording Techniques

                                                    by David Miles Huber, Robert E. Runstein

                                                    ISBN-13: 978-0240806259


                                                    Mixing Audio

                                                    by Roey Izhaki

                                                    ISBN: 978-0-240-52068-1

Additional information can be found at


Equipment and materials:

Students must use the textbook for this course.


Students must maintain a notebook of class notes, handouts, tests, quizzes and any articles YOUfind that are pertinent to audio engineering.


Required Supplies:            3 Ring Notebook

                                                Blank CD's/DVD's

Policies and Procedures


Assignment submissions: Assignments must be submitted on or before the announced due dates (see schedule). Late submissions will be subject to the loss of at least one letter grade (10 points) per week. Papers and projects should be prepared on a word processor. Please staplepapers that are longer than one page. Include your name on all work submitted. To receive credit for a group assignment, you must be present when the work is performed and presented.


Reading the assigned chapters and answering the homework questions prepares the student for class. Any class period might have a quiz. There will be no make-ups for missed quizzes.


If needed, arrangements to make up the midterm exam are the student's responsibility. It must be made up before the next meeting of the class.A make-up examination will be given only in the case of a verifiable emergency.

Participation:Your participation grade will include such components as the following: attendance, being prepared for class, participating in class discussions and other class activities, and behaving in a professional and courteous manner. Please bring to class your questions about the reading assignments and science in the news.


Please save copies of all your papers and projects on a disk; save all assignments, quizzes and exams in your notebook.


Overall grading:

Exam average                                  20%  (average of midterm and final exams)

Practicum                                          10%

Projects                                              50%

Participation/Notebook                    20%  



Instructor reserves the right to modify this, as necessary to accommodate student’s specific needs, shortcomings, and advantages.


Sequence            Topic                                                                                                                        Textbook




1                                   Review of Syllabus & Class Procedures

Review Principles of Audio and Accoustics


2                                    Break into groups. Discuss Group dynamics and responsibilities.

                                    Introduction to Basic Multi-Channel Recording  (Shaping Sound pt 1)                                   

Signal Path and other Recording Equipment (Shaping Sound pt 2)


3                                  Practicums (The Ghost)


4                                   Basics of Effects and Mixing  (The Art of Mixing)

Introduction to and routing of outboard gear

Review for Midterm


5                       Dynamics Processors (Outboard and Plugins)

Mid Term Exam (Will cover everthing learned in class and reading assingments)


6                                  Effects Processors (Outboard and Plugins)

Project 1 Due first CLASS of week


7                                  Using Outboard effects

                                    Using "In the BOX" effects


8                                   Stereo Field –panning, using effects to effect the stereo field



9                                 Introduction to Mastering


10                               Final Exam

                                   Mix Projects due









This Audio class develops the students understanding of recording and mixing various instruments.  Students must spend time, outside of class in the audio lab becoming proficient in Pro-Tools and in the art of sound recording.   All projects must include all parts when delivered not just a mixed down version.  Students will work in teams on both projects. EACH student is required to finish and deliver ALL projects. Make sure that each member keeps a backup of the complete session for each and every project.

Project 1: Students will split into groups of two and will need to find a band.  You are to go out and find a complete band consisting of drums, bass and guitar or keyboards with VOCALS (if you find another band setup, come see me first). You will record, at least, one song  with the band. Your next project will be to mix a song from these sessions, so it should go without saying that the better the recording, the better (and easier) the mix will be. You will be concentrating on getting a usable drum track. If there is not a recording that is up to par, then you may be asked to do it over before moving on to project 2.

A written summary of all preprouction will be required and count as 40% of your overall grade on this project.


Project 2: Same groups as above will mix the above recording. Proper use (and creative use) of processing and gear gone over in class will be looked for when grading the projects.


Practicum: You will have a practical examination which tests your knowledge of equipment.


Do pre-production;

      Go listen to your band play.  Take 1 or 2 other people and everyone should listen critically.  See if they are a GOOD band,  well rehearsed and able to play a song LIVE from begining to end. 

      See what instruments they are playing and write them down, along with amps, effects, sizes of drums and cymbals.

      Make some notes of how the drums are set up and if the heads look beat up or not. 

      Then pick mics based on the style of music, type of sound you are are shooting for and how you are going to mic them in the studio.

      The 1st engineer should draw everything up and write everthing down so that things go quicker and more professionally.  This should also be part of the package you turn in to me and have for portfolio to graduate.